You can find the Scottish oatcakes recipe below.
To learn some interesting oatcake facts then read this bit first…
Oatcakes were an alternative to bread in Scotland for centuries, and, are still very much enjoyed there. Oats are one of the only grains that grow in Northern parts of Scotland, so it makes perfect sense that it would have been a staple food in times past.
According to the Rutherglen Heritage Society
‘Scottish soldiers in the 14th century carried a metal plate and a sack of oatmeal. According to contemporary accounts, a soldier would heat the plate over fire, moisten a bit of oatmeal and make a cake to “comfort his stomach. Hence it is no marvel that the Scots should be able to make longer marches than other men.”
A quick heads up. I am not going to have you carry a metal plate around and heat it on an open fire like a Scottish soldier haha!
What are the different types of oatcakes?
Traditionally made with oatmeal, Scottish oatcakes are a crunchy, cracker-like flatbread baked in the oven. Scottish oatcakes are not to be confused with Staffordshire Oatcakes.
Staffordshire oatcakes are soft, not crunchy and used more like a wrap. Check out my recipe for Staffordshire Oatcakes HERE.
Derbyshire and Yorkshire, which are counties in England, also have their version of oatcakes. These are like pancakes too.
And just to confuse matters there is also a Welsh oatcake, which I have only just learnt about and am confused.
Scottish oatcakes are brilliant budget food
One of the things I love about oatcakes is that they are excellent if you are on a budget. In their most simple form, they are made with oats, salt and water.
My recipe also uses sunflower seeds (one of the least expensive and most abundant seeds available).
As well as being good for your pocket, they are also very tasty, moreish and full of super healthy goodness. What’s not to love!
Everybody loves Scottish oatcakes
Whenever I make these on retreats with lunch they get snapped up. If I make them at home and leave them on the kitchen counter, people just grab one every time they walk by.
You can use gluten-free oats
If you want to avoid gluten then make sure you buy gluten-free oats. Oats are naturally gluten-free anyway. Confusing ay? Gluten-free oats simply mean that the oats have not been processed in a plant that processes gluten grains and have not been harvested from a field that is contaminated with wheat, barley, rye etc).
You can read more in-depth about what gluten-free oats are here: Are oats gluten-free or not?
This Scottish oatcakes recipe is easy to make…
You will need to grind down your oats and seeds to make flour (either a fine or a rustic meal/flour is fine). A simple food processor, nut mill, magic/nutri-bullet or blender works fine to blend the ingredients down.
The next important part is getting the water ratio right. This varies from batch to batch. I measure 200ml of water in a measuring jug and use a little less than 150ml (three-quarters of it) to start with (and have the rest on hand just in case dough is too dry after adding the water).
You need to get a dough that pulls together firmly. If it sticks to your hands, then it is too wet, in which case all you need to do is add a little more oat flour, until you get the right consistency.
Please see my video below for an excellent visual guide on this.
How to roll your oatcake dough?
You simply sprinkle a bit of oat flour (ground oats) onto your clean worktop surface, making sure there is flour on the bottom and on top of the dough.
Without flour, the dough may stick to the rolling pin or the worktop as you begin to roll it. If it sticks to the worktop, just slide a knife, spatula or fish-slice under it, flip it over and reapply the flour before continuing to roll.
If you don’t have a rolling pin, then you can use a large glass jar with a flat surface instead.
How to get circular shapes for your Scottish oatcakes recipe?
Getting circular oatcakes is easy – simply use a round cookie cutter. I didn’t have one available when I made the video, so I used a round-topped drinking glass. I also rolled a batch and cut it into triangle shapes. See my video below to see what I mean here.
Cut into shapes, pop onto lightly oiled baking sheets and then put into a hot oven at 425F or 220C for 20 to 25 minutes. Keep an eye on them and be sure that they don’t get too over-tanned or over-baked.
Once baked, put them onto a cooling rack, allow them to cool a little and enjoy immediately. Once cooled you can keep them in an airtight container for about a week.
Watch this video for the Scottish oatcakes recipe
Here is my video tutorial to show you all the ins and outs of making these Scottish Oatcakes, please watch this before you make them for a great visual guide…
- 200g oatmeal (ground oats or oat flour)
- 100g sunflower seeds (ground)
- 1 teaspoon sea salt
- 2 heaped teaspoons dried parsley
- 150ml water (approximately) more or less
- Extra oatmeal (for rolling or adding if the mixture is too gooey)
- Dash of oil for baking tray
- Turn your oven on to gas mark 7 (220C/425F).
- Mix all dry ingredients together.
- Add 150ml of water and mix the dry ingredients thoroughly with your hands. You need to achieve a dough ball that holds together very firmly, but does not stick to your fingers (please see my video for a demo). If the dough is too soggy then simply add more oatmeal until you get the right consistency.
- Split the dough into two (this makes it easier to roll). Roll out onto an oatmeal dusted surface until it is about 3mm thick (about ¼ of an inch).
- Cut with a cookie cutter (alternatively use the open top of a glass/jar or a sharp knife).
- Place on an oven tray and then bake in your pre-heated oven between 20 and 25 minutes until they begin to gently tan.
- Once baked, lift from the tray and place on a cooling rack. They should firm up nicely, with a crunch. If you want them softer take them out of the oven earlier.
- Once cooled, they keep in an airtight container for about a week.