Thai Coconut Curry with kaffir lime leaves and butternut squash

  • Thai Coconut Curry with Kaffir Lime Leaves & Butternut Squash - gluten-free, vegan by Anastasia, Kind Earth

We live on an earth filled with a treasure trove of exciting herbs. When you find the right combination of fragrant herbs and gently warming spices, each ingredient infuses into an alchemical dance, creating an enchanting feast for all of the senses.

My Glastonbury garden used to be a wonderland, filled with fresh herbs and all things edible (I’ve since moved on and have been somewhat nomadic, in various places, which brings with it other precious delights). I adore organic herbs in my daily cuisine, from right outside of my back door. However, in the UK, it is a little limited to what wants to grow in a temperate climate. Some of my favourite spices like ginger, nutmeg, cardamom, kaffir lime and turmeric, all thrive best in subtropical countries. I always like to source the finest quality organic ones that I can get my hands on.

Fresh is usually the best for aroma and flavour, although dried can work well too – especially if you grind them down yourself with a pestle and mortar. Not only do quality ingredients deliver the best health benefits, but the flavours can infuse your cuisine with a heaven-sent aroma and taste. It can transform your normal meals into one of life’s most exquisite pleasures.

Thai Coconut Curry with Kaffir Lime Leaves & Butternut Squash - gluten-free, vegan by Anastasia, Kind Earth

Tantalizing medley of warming spices

The recipe I am sharing here today totally excites my taste buds with a tantalizing medley of warming spices.

This ‘Thai Coconut Curry’, uses kaffir lime for a tangy kick; cardamom pods for an exquisite burst of sweet, spicy excitement; coriander, turmeric and lots of other delicious things. I use creamed coconut to give it a full tropical coconut experience (see below for more about the coconut that works best for this recipe).

Let’s explore some of the key ingredients that make this delicious meal work…

Thai Coconut Curry with Butternut Squash by Anastasia - gluten-free, vegan


The importance of using cardamom from the pod rather than pre-ground

Using cardamom pods and grinding the seeds fresh, undoubtedly delivers the most profound cardamom experience. Pre-ground seeds rapidly lose their aromatic flavour and are a far cry from the eloquence that makes them one of the world’s finest spices.

I always buy green pods (white either means they’ve been bleached or are just too old – black pods come from a different variety). I discard the outer-shell and crush the seeds with a pestle and mortar (which takes a few seconds).

The aroma is amazing and the seeds flood the recipe with a sweet heavenly flavour. You can substitute with the pre-ground stuff if you really have no other option, but bear in mind that it won’t work quite the same. If at all possible, get the pods and crush the seeds yourself for an authentic culinary experience.  Read all about cardamom here: All about cardamom and its benefits

Kaffir lime leaves for a tangy, spicy zing!

Kaffir lime leaves are used widely in Thai and South-East Asian cooking, imparting a tangy, spicy, lime-like zestiness to soups and curries. You use them like bay leaves, in that you have to take them out of the dish before eating – an important note to remember!

They are usually available in good health-food stores and ethnic shops that sell herbs and spices. If the leaves look grey, then they are too old. Be sure that they are still green (slightly faded is natural if they have been dried). Lemongrass makes a good substitute for kaffir lime leaves. If you have neither, then mix in a handful of chopped basil at the end of your dish.

Dispelling creamed coconut confusion…


Coconut block

Creamed Coconut (not to be confused with ‘coconut cream’) comes in a pure, solid, concentrated block that melts on heating, giving this dish a delightful, tropical flavour and creaminess. It is the unsweetened dehydrated fresh ‘meat’ of a mature coconut, that has been ground into a semi-solid white cream. It solidifies at normal room temperature. You can find it along with coconut milk in health food stores and it is often available in the world food section of a supermarket too. It melts when it hits the heat. Read more about creamed coconut block on this recipe write-up here: Blueberry & Lemon Fudge with Creamed Coconut

You can also use coconut cream (which has the consistency of yoghurt) for this recipe. You’d probably need about 250ml (about 1 cup) and may have to use less water, depending on the thickness of your cream.

Let’s make coconut curry

This curry serves perfectly as a ‘stew’ on its own and works well with rice, quinoa, millet, etc. It is a flavourful, chili free recipe with spices that warm the soul.

Thai Coconut Curry with kaffir lime leaves and butternut squash

Thai Coconut Curry with kaffir lime leaves and butternut squash

Yield: 4 bowls (with rice)
Prep Time: 10 minutes
Cook Time: 45 minutes
Total Time: 55 minutes

A Thai curry inspired with kaffir lime leaves, coconut, butternut squash and chickpeas. A delicious fusion of warming spices. Chili free.


  • 1 large butternut squash (1kg or 2lbs approx)
  • 350ml (1 1/2 cups) water
  • 10 kaffir lime leaves
  • 7 cardamom pods
  • 1 heaped teaspoon grated ginger
  • 4 large garlic cloves
  • 1 teaspoon celtic sea salt
  • 2 heaped teaspoons ground coriander
  • 1/2 teaspoon turmeric powder
  • 1/4 teaspoon black pepper
  • 250ml (1 cup) passata (called sieved tomatoes in the US)
  • 200g (1 cup) cooked chickpeas
  • 100g (3 1/2 oz) creamed coconut (see notes)
  • 40g spinach ( a large handful)
  • Small handful of fresh basil leaves


Bake the squash

  1. Peel, de-seed, and dice the butternut squash into chunks of about 1.5cm (or 1/2 an inch) cubed. Larger chunks are fine, although you'll need to add extra baking time.
  2. Place the squash onto a baking tray and pop into an oven heated to gas mark 7 (425F/220C).
  3. Bake until you can pierce a fork through the chunks. This may take 30 - 45 minutes.

Whilst the squash is baking make the rest of the curry

  1. Place the kaffir lime leaves and 350ml of water into a medium sized pan and bring to the boil. (Note: Count the kaffir lime leaves as you put them in and remember how many you used because you will have to remove them at the end of the cooking period. They are meant for flavour, rather than eating).
  2. Take the seeds out of the cardamom pods and crush with a pestle and mortar (or alternatively chop repeatedly over and over with a sharp heavy knife until they look ground). Toss them into the pan.
  3. Peel and grate a heaped teaspoon worth of fresh ginger. Toss it into the pan.
  4. Peel and crush 4 large garlic cloves and add to the pan.
  5. Add the sea salt, coriander, turmeric, black pepper, passata, creamed coconut and chickpeas to the pan, stir together and allow all of the flavours to infuse. Let this simmer on the lowest heat for about 20 minutes and turn off the heat.

(Don't add the spinach leaves right until the end - AFTER you remove the kaffir lime leaves.)

  1. Once the squash has baked, take the kaffir lime leaves out of your other pan. When you are happy that all of the lime leaves are out, then roughly chop the spinach and mix in the curry pan along with the roasted squash.
  2. Add a little extra water if the sauce is too thick.
  3. Use the basil to garnish.
  4. Serve with rice, quinoa or millet or on its own as a stew.
  5. Enjoy

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Thai Coconut Curry with Kaffir Lime Leaves & Butternut Squash - gluten-free, vegan by Anastasia, Kind Earth


  1. lisa May 28, 2015 at 10:26 pm - Reply

    I made this tonight. Very tasty. I used coriander instead of basil and then put 3 cornered leek flowers on.
    Thank you for sharing it.

  2. Emma May 31, 2015 at 8:32 pm - Reply

    I adore coconut-ty curries and all the spices in here sound perfect. I’ve never cooked with kaffir lime leaves before but this recipe is encouraging me to seek some out!

  3. Bethan May 31, 2015 at 8:56 pm - Reply

    Hi Trinity, I made this tonight. It was super easy and very delicious and – even better for me – I now have portions to enjoy throughout the week :). Thank you, Bethan x

  4. Milena June 2, 2015 at 7:42 pm - Reply

    I just found your blog today and immediately I tried this curry – it was delicious! Thank you! Hug 🙂

  5. Tiina September 5, 2015 at 1:40 pm - Reply

    I made this today and it turned out soooo delicious. I replaced the butternut aquash with sweet potato and pumpkin, because that is what I had and it became delicious! I also found some fresh turmeric in my local supermarket and I put that in too and I think it made it taste even more delicious! 🙂 Thank you so much, this makes me so much more motivated to stay vegan!

  6. Audrey @ Unconventional Baker September 18, 2015 at 8:56 pm - Reply

    Wow, now you got me all excited to go grind up some spices, Trinity! 🙂 I’ve been making coconut curries several times a week the last few months. I think I may be a little addicted 😉 But I never tried cooking with kaffir lime leaves — I’ll be on the lookout so I can give your recipe a try.

    • Trinity @ Trinity's Conscious Kitchen September 18, 2015 at 9:52 pm - Reply

      How wonderful to inspire each other with all of these things.
      It sure sounds like you are into your curries 🙂 I first got into kaffir lime leaves after eating a delicious curry in a veggie restaurant. I was so impressed with the dance of flavours that I had to ask the chef what herbs and spices he’d used. I’ve been a big fan ever since.
      The one thing you have to remember with kaffir lime leaves is that the leaves are used to infuse the dish during cooking BUT need to be taken out before eating (like bay leaves).

  7. Sue September 11, 2016 at 12:15 am - Reply

    I just discovered kafir lime the exact same way you did, flavoring aThai stir fry. Went bonkers over the flavor. I have some fresh leaves ordered and can’t wait to try your coconut curry with the creamed coconut. I love new discoveries even at age 67! Thank you for sharing. Sue

    • Trinity @ Trinity's Conscious Kitchen September 11, 2016 at 6:16 am - Reply

      Awesome! I completely agree, discovering new flavours is so exciting… opens up a whole new world of possibilities.

      I recently started playing with coconut syrup nectar – something new to me. It has a treacle-like caramely flavour. Last night I invented I pudding cake for a dinner party which reminded us all of treacle pudding (a super healthy version of it). Now I am super, super excited at the possibilities!!!

  8. Collie March 25, 2018 at 7:51 am - Reply

    beautiful dish luckily we have ready access to kaffir lime leaves and fruit, thai basil at the end really adds to it as well
    Thank you for the recipe.

  9. ysa November 25, 2018 at 5:17 pm - Reply

    The picture shows Chickpeas but I don’t see them in the recipe, I think I will make this today and add them

    • Anastasia November 25, 2018 at 6:11 pm - Reply

      I had to go check to see as it wouldn’t be past me to miss something out haha.
      It does definitely say “200g (1 cup) cooked chickpeas” on the recipe though.
      I hope you enjoy.

  10. Sue Overy December 16, 2019 at 1:45 pm - Reply

    I’d love to try this for some vegan friends. Can you freeze it? Or do you suggest just freezing the sauce in advance and roasting the squash and adding the spinach on the day?

    • Anastasia December 16, 2019 at 2:04 pm - Reply

      It does freeze. If you freeze the whole thing then it will be more mushy (sounds like you are thinking along the same lines). Ideally though as you suggest, bake the squash on the day and add spinach last for best effect 😊

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